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Acid–Base and Electrolyte Disorders

John A. Kellum.

in Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

February 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology. 4762 words.

An important principle in the management of electrolytes with CRRT is that “you get what you replace”. With hemofiltration all electro-lytes are freely removed (sieving coefficients near 1)...

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Acute acalculous cholecystitis in the critically ill

Vanessa P. Ho and Philip S. Barie.

in Oxford Textbook of Critical Care

April 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care. 3308 words.

Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) may occur in surgical or injured, critically-ill, and systemically-ill patients, with diabetes mellitus, malignant disease, abdominal vasculitis,...

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Acute aseptic meningitis due to intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in Guillain–Barré syndrome

Rajendra Singh Jain, Sunil Kumar, Rakesh Aggarwal and Jagdeesh Chandra Kookna.

in Oxford Medical Case Reports

P ublished online October 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Critical Care. 1160 words.

The majority of adverse reactions of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy are mild, transient and self-limiting with potentially serious complications occurring in <5% of patients....

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Acute ischaemic stroke

Barry M. Czeisler, Daniel Sahlein and Stephan A. Mayer.

in Oxford Textbook of Neurocritical Care

March 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care. 18140 words.

Acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) is a neurological emergency. The development of acute stroke networks has facilitated timely recognition, diagnosis, and management of AIS and contributed to...

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Adaptive immunity in critical illness

Sean F. Monaghan and Alfred Ayala.

in Oxford Textbook of Critical Care

April 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care. 2571 words.

The development of sepsis remains a significant morbid event facing the critically-ill/severely-injured patient and while substantial improvements in supportive care have been made, a true...

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Admission to critical care

Heather Baid, Fiona Creed and Jessica Hargreaves.

in Oxford Handbook of Critical Care Nursing

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nursing Studies; Critical Care. 4118 words.

There have been significant changes in the management of the critically ill adult throughout the NHS over the past two decades. This chapter reviews the changes that have had an impact on...

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Affective and mood disorders after critical illness

Daniel W. Klyce and James C. Jackson.

in Oxford Textbook of Critical Care

April 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care. 3008 words.

Survivors of critical illness frequently have significant and persistent mental health problems, which may develop or worsen following intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Chief among these...

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Airway management in cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Jerry P. Nolan and Jasmeet Soar.

in Oxford Textbook of Critical Care

April 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care. 3277 words.

The most appropriate strategy for managing the airway during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) depends on the skills of the rescuer. Tracheal intubation is probably the optimal method for...

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Alarms and Troubleshooting

Zaccaria Ricci, Ian Baldwin and Claudio Ronco.

in Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

February 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology. 2744 words.

Veno-venous CRRT rely on the use of a temporary double lumen catheter, typically inserted into one of the central veins (femoral, subclavian or jugular). Ideal catheter type, size and site...

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Analgesics in critical illness

Mayur B. Patel and Pratik P. Pandharipande.

in Oxford Textbook of Critical Care

April 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care. 3031 words.

Analgesia is a critical component of intensive care unit (ICU) care. Accordingly, understanding the mechanism, physiological consequences, and assessment of pain is important when caring...

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